Sleep patterns change throughout life, with babies, children, and adolescents needing more sleep than adults. The CDC has a handy chart  that outlines how much sleep we need during the different phases of life. Experts generally agree that adults need 7-9 hours of sleep each night (although some recommend 7-8); too much or too little can have negative health consequences.
As you begin to pay more attention to your own sleep patterns, you will see how different aspects of your life affect and are affected by sleep. To get 7-9 hours of quality sleep each night, experts recommend that you:
Of course, not everyone is able to adhere perfectly to the suggestions outlined above—shift workers, for example, often deal with changing schedules and work through the night, regular travelers experience jet lag, and new parents may have to wake up many times during the night to feed a newborn. While healthy sleep should be a priority when it can be, certain circumstances may make it more difficult.
Although it is not as effective as getting a full night’s sleep, you can: